Taman Ayun Temple is a Pura Paibon / Pedarman Raja Mengwi to worship the ancestral spirits of kings manifested by the construction of a Paibon gedong, and also built meru-meru to worship and worship the gods for the people of the Mengwi kingdom in asking for prosperity. Taman Ayun Temple is located in Mengwi District, Badung, Bali, Indonesia. This park and Taman Ayun Temple are historical relics of the Mengwi kingdom.
In 2012, Unesco designated Taman Ayun Temple as part of a world cultural heritage site. The site is officially titled Cultural Landscape of Bali Province: Subak System as a manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana philosophy (Cultural landscape of Bali Province: the subak system as a manifestation of the Tri Hita Karan. Includes Ulun Danu Batur Temple and Lake Batur, the Pakerisan watershed (DAS), the Catur Angga Batukaru area and the Taman Ayun Temple site.
Taman Ayun Temple was built in the 17th century to be precise starting in 1632. And was completed in 1634 by the king of the Mengwi Kingdom who at that time had another name for the kingdom “Mangapura”, “Mangarajia”, and “Kawiyapura”, namely I Gusti Agung Putu Raja. the Mengwi kingdom at that time.
In the construction of Taman Ayun Temple, he was assisted by an architect who came from a Chinese descent from Banyuwangi named Ing Khang Ghoew who is also often called I Kaco, a colleague of Raja Mengwi.
Taman Ayun Temple is a family temple for the Mengwi Kingdom. Initially, this temple was founded because it pretended that at that time the distance was too far for the Mengwi people to reach. Therefore, the King built a place of worship with several buildings as a symbol of 9 main temples in Bali, such as Besakih Temple, Ulundanu Temple, Batur Temple, Uluwatu Temple, Batukaru Temple, and other main temples in Bali. Bali.