Tirta Empul Temple is a Hindu temple located in the middle of Bali Island, Indonesia , famous for its Holy Water where Hindu Bali people go for purification.
Tirta Empul is an important temple complex and holy mountain spring, located in the village of Manukaya in central Bali. The site serves as a legendary setting of a traditional tale about good versus evil. It is also a national cultural heritage site. The complex, built circa 960 AD, is also a silent witness to the old Balinese kingdom years, particularly at the time of the Warmadewa Dynasty. Another nearby and prominent site on top of a hill is the presidential palace, Istana Tampaksiring, built during the years of the nation’s first president, Soekarno. Tirta Empul, meaning ‘holy water spring’ is actually the name of a water source located within the temple. The spring feeds various purification baths, pools and fish ponds surrounding the outer perimeter, which all flow to the Tukad Pakerisan River. Various sites throughout the region and many other archaeological relics relate to local myths and legends.
It is said that King Mayadenawa acted arbitrarily and did not allow the people to carry out religious ceremonies to ask for the salvation of the gods. After the deed was discovered by the gods, the gods headed by Bhatara Indra attacked Mayadenawa. Mayadenawa lost and fled to the north of Tampak Siring Village. With his supernatural powers he created a poisonous spring causing Bhatara Indra’s army to chase him to die as a result of drinking the water. Seeing this, Bhatara Indra immediately stuck his spear and “water came out of the ground” (Tirta Empul). This Holy Water is used to sprinkle the Gods so that they will soon be able to live again as before.
Tirta Empul Temple was built around a large spring in 962 AD during the Warmadewa dynasty by the king Sri Candrabhayasingha Warmadewa (from the 10th to the 14th century). The name of the temple comes from the spring which is called “Tirta Empul”. The spring comes from the Pakerisan river. The temple is divided into 3 parts; Jaba Pura (front page), Jaba Tengah (middle page) and Jeroan (inside page). Jaba Tengah consists of 2 ponds with 30 showers which are named as follows: Pengelukatan, Peb cleanse, and Sudamala as well as Cetik (poison) shower.
This temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, the name of the Hindu god for the highest consciousness Narayana On the left side of the temple is a modern villa building on a hill called the Tampaksiring Palace, built for President Sukarno’s visit to Bali in 1954, which is now used as a resting place for important state guests.